Socket and Ridge Preservation (Bone Grafting) in Brooklyn, New York

By Dr. Robert Mikhli and Dr. Theodore Goff

 

Missing even one tooth can result in an unsightly gap in our smile or the loss of chewing in an area of the mouth.  While these consequences are esthetically displeasing, or at the least inconvenient, these are the least of the significant problems resulting in the loss of a tooth.  What is of greater concern is the bone loss that inevitably follows tooth loss. The placement of a dental implant will ultimately result in the implant fusing with the bone, preserving your jaw bone, improving chewing function and enhancing or restoring the esthetics of the smile.

 

Dental implants have revolutionized the replacement of teeth in the field of dentistry.  In the last fifty years the technology for dental implants has rapidly developed and improved.  Today, dental implants may be your best option for the replacement of a tooth, multiple teeth, or the entire dental arch.  

 

Dental implants consist of three components: the dental implant itself, an artificial tooth root that serves to replace the root of the tooth – the portion of the tooth that is below the gumline, a dental abutment, or mechanism to allow attachment between the dental implant and the crown, and a dental crown, or artificial tooth.  

Figure 1: Dental Implant, Abutment, and Crown. https://www.aaid-implant.org/dental-implants/what-are-dental-implants/

Having a dental implant placed has many benefits: 

 

  • The system looks just like a natural tooth when you smile, there is no visible difference.  

  • A dental implant and the dental crown attached to the implant does not decay like a natural tooth can, meaning your dental implant crown will not get a cavity and require a filling

  • The bone around the dental implant will not deteriorate as it would if the missing tooth was not replaced.  

 

Dental implants are highly stable with a very low failure rate.  Modern dental implants are made with pure titanium, a metal substance that is used in dentistry and medicine because it is a substance that is well known to be accepted by the body and is osteophilic – bone loving.   A dental implant will fuse, or integrate, into the jawbone through a biochemical fusion between the bone cells in the jaw and the surface of the titanium implant. With a solid integration of a dental implant into the jawbone the longevity of a dental implant system is very similar to retaining a natural tooth for the duration of an individual’s lifetime. When properly placed, a dental implant system is the ideal treatment for a missing tooth or missing multiple teeth.

 

What is the process when receiving a dental implant?

Dr. Robert J. Mikhli or Dr. Shlomo Eisenberg will follow routine procedures to evaluate each patient for their candidacy for a dental implant.  The patient’s medical status and general health will be evaluated, the dental implant site will be carefully evaluated, the way the patient bites will be considered, and the esthetic concerns will be carefully evaluated.  A special scan, called a Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT), will be administered so the dentists can have a 3-D representation of the patients teeth, skull, and nerve location.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Figure 2: CBCT for Implant Planning.  https://cdeworld.com/courses/4804-Clinical_Applications_of_CBCT_and_CAD-CAM_Data_Integration?c=133

The use of the CBCT allows the dentist to assure that the underlying bone is thick enough to retain a dental implant and to evaluate ideal implant placement to avoid placement of the dental implant into nerves or sinus cavities.  Upon completion of a thorough planning process, the patient is ready to have their dental implant placed.

 

Dental implant surgery is generally a very comfortable process performed under local anesthesia.  Most patients say that they feel minor vibrations from the hand piece when preparing the implant site.  Upon completion of the surgery there are no open wounds and very little, if any post-operative discomfort.  In most cases, the dental implant will remain under the gums for 4 or 5 months to fully integrate into the bone.  Once the implant is fully integrated into the bone, the implant will be uncovered and prepared for the dental crown.  The implant uncovery is performed under local anesthesia with a small incision made into the gum above the dental implant and a small cap (healing abutment) placed onto the implant to properly contour the gums in preparation for the dental crown. Most patients experience very little discomfort following the uncovery procedure.  Over the course of one to three visits, following the uncovery, the patient will receive their final crown, and the implant procedure is complete.

The placement of an implant requires expert knowledge for proper surgical planning, proper implant placement and proper attachment of the crown.  Dr. Robert Mikhli, owner and operating dentist, as well as Dr. Shlomo Eisenberg, operating dentist, of Precision Implant Care in Brooklyn, New York have extensive experience and training in implant dentistry.  Dr. Robert Mikhli and Dr. Shlomo Eisenberg are top-rated dentists offering dental implants and oral surgery at Precision Implant Care.  They utilizes state-of-the-art surgical approaches and technology to restore oral health and enhanced aesthetics to patients with damaged, diseased or missing teeth.  

What types of dental implant procedures are available?

 

Today, the dental implant system is a commonly used procedure to replace a single missing tooth, multiple missing teeth, or to aid in the rehabilitation of the entire arch.  While there are several dental procedures to replace missing teeth, dental implants are the most effective procedure to restore your smile, your chewing functions, your confidence, and most importantly, stop the loss of jaw bone surrounding your teeth.  A dental implant system can look and feel almost as natural as your own tooth and in the long run, can be the most cost effective procedure necessary to restore your mouth to the most optimal state of health.  According to the American Dental Association (ADA), more than 5.5 million dental implants are placed annually in individuals by dentists in the United States.

During your consultation, the doctors at Precision Implant Care will discuss the various options available to replace your missing tooth or teeth.  

 

Missing a single tooth

If an individual is missing a single tooth, the options to restore their smile are:

  • A partial removable denture to fill in the gap

  • A dental bridge

  • A dental implant.

 

A removable partial denture is held in place by small clasps.  The partial is made of acrylic, and sometimes a metal bar, and it will come in and out of the mouth.  Many patients find this option unacceptable due to the movement of the partial denture and the fact that it can be taken out of the mouth.

A dental bridge restores the missing tooth by “bridging” a replacement tooth, called a pontic, between the two opposing teeth, called “abutment teeth”.  To bridge teeth, the dentist will prepare the two abutment teeth for dental crowns.  A special dental laboratory will fabricate a three unit restoration called a dental bridge.  This restoration will be cemented over the abutment teeth and form a “bridge”, replacing the missing tooth.  Many patients do not prefer this method of replacement because the two teeth prepared have to have tooth structure removed to accommodate the bridge, the bridge is one unit and each tooth cannot be flossed, and the price for a bridge is nearly the same price as a dental implant system. 

A dental implant system restores the missing tooth as a single tooth.  Once completed, the dental implant appears just like a natural tooth.  Dental implants consist of three components: the dental implant itself, an artificial tooth root that serves to replace the root of the tooth – the portion of the tooth that is below the gumline, a dental abutment, or mechanism to allow attachment between the dental implant and the crown, and a dental crown, or artificial tooth.  When properly placed, a dental implant system is the ideal treatment for a missing tooth or missing multiple teeth.  The system looks just like a natural tooth when you smile, there is no visible difference.  A dental implant and the dental crown attached to the implant does not decay like a natural tooth can, meaning your dental implant crown will not get a cavity and require a filling, and the bone around the dental implant will not deteriorate as it would if the missing tooth root was not replaced. 

 

Figure 3: Dental implant replacing a single missing tooth

 

 

 

 

 

Missing multiple teeth

 

 

  

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